Sikhism, the youngest of the world religions, is barely five hundred years old. Its founder, Guru Nanak Dev Ji, was born in 1469. Guru Nanak Dev Ji spread a simple message of “Ek Ong Kar”: we are all one, created by the One Creator of all Creation. This was at a time when India was being torn apart by castes, sectarianism, religious factions, and fanaticism. He aligned with no religion, and respected all religions. He expressed the reality that there is one God and many paths, and the Name of God is Truth, “Sat Nam”.
Guru Nanak’s Hindu and Muslim followers began to be called Sikhs (learners). He taught them to bow only before God, and to link themselves to the Guru, the Light of Truth, who lives always in direct consciousness of God, experiencing no separation. Through words and example, the Guru demonstrates to followers how to experience God within themselves, bringing them from darkness into light.
Guru Nanak was a humble bearer of this Light of Truth. He opposed superstition, rituals, social inequality and injustice, renunciation and hypocrisy and inspired seekers by singing divine songs which touched the hearts of the most callous listeners. These songs were recorded, and formed the beginnings of the Sikhs’ sacred writings, later to become the “Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji”.
Guru Nanak taught his way of life:
Naam Japo - To get up each day before sunrise, to clean the body, meditate on God’s Name and recite the Guru’s hymns to clean the mind. Throughout the day, continuously remember God’s Name with every breath.
Kirat Karo - To work and earn by the sweat of the brow, to live a family way of life, and practice truthfulness and honesty in all dealings.
Vand Ke Chako - To share the fruits of one’s labor with others before considering oneself. Thus, to live as an inspiration and a support to the entire community.
The foundation of Sikhism was laid down by Guru Nanak. Guru Nanak infused his own consciousness into a disciple, who then became Guru, subsequently passing the light on to the next, and so on. The word “Guru” is derived from the root words “Gu”, which means darkness or ignorance, and “Ru”, which means light or knowledge The Guru is the experience of Truth (God).
Each one of the ten Gurus represents a divine attribute:
Guru Nanak Dev Ji – Humility
Guru Angad Dev Ji – Obedience Guru Amar Das Ji — Equality
Guru Ram Das Ji – Service
Guru Arjan Dev Ji – Self-Sacrifice
Guru Hargobind JI- Justice
Guru Har Rai Ji – Mercy
Guru Harkrishan Ji – Purity
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji – Tranquility Guru Gobind Singh Ji- Royal Courage
Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the Tenth Guru, exemplified the Sikh ideal of the Soldier-Saint. He was also an inspired and prolific writer, courageous warrior, and a source of Divine Wisdom to his Sikhs.
“When all other means have failed,” he said, “only then is it righteous to take up the sword.” He was the defender of the poor, the meek, and the oppressed masses of India.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the last Guru of the Sikhs in human form. He created the Khalsa, a spiritual brotherhood and sisterhood devoted to purity of thought and action. He gave the Khalsa a distinctive external form to remind them of their commitment, and to help them maintain an elevated state of consciousness.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji infused his own being into the Khalsa, declaring that the Khalsa was now the Guru in all temporal matters. For spiritual matters, the Guruship was given to the “Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji” a compilation of sacred writings by those who have experienced Truth.
For Sikhs, “Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji” is the living embodiment of the Guru, and is regarded with the utmost reverence and respect wherever it is found. Sikhs all over the world took to the “Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji” as their living Guru, as the source of spiritual instruction and guidance. sikhism gurus faith and religion